50 ECO Terms Must Know

As a passionate advocate for sustainability, I believe that learning the language of eco-friendliness is essential for creating a greener future.

That’s why we’ve put together this list of 50 essential ECO terms for sustainable living.

From renewable energy to zero waste, these words will help you understand the keyconcepts of sustainability and make informed choices about the products and practices our use in your daily life.

1. Sustainable

Using resources in a way that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

2. Renewable

Resources that can be replenished naturally over time.

3. Compostable

Materials capable of breaking down into natural elements in a compost environment, leaving no toxic residue.


4. Carbon footprint

The amount of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere as a result ofhuman activities.


Save the planet

5. Net zero

A term used to describe a building or community that produces as much renewable energy as it consumes.


6. Energy-efficient

Using less energy to perform the same task.


7. Eco-friendly

Products or practices that are not harmful to the environment.


8. Upcycling

Repurposing an item to give it a new life instead of throwing it away.


9. Greenhouse gases

Gases that trap heat in the earth’s atmosphere, contributing to climate change.


10. Zero waste

A lifestyle that aims to reduce the amount of waste generated and sent to landfills.


Bye bye single use

11. Organic

Produce grown without the use of synthetic pesticides or fertilizers.

12. Renewable energy

Energy generated from sources that can be replenished, like wind or solar power.

13. Biodiversity

The variety of living organisms in a given area.

14. Rainwater harvesting

Collecting and storing rainwater for later use.


15. Energy conservation

Reducing energy consumption by using less or more efficient technology.

16. Carbon offset

A way to balance out carbon emissions by investing in projects that reduce or remove carbon from theatmosphere.

17. Fair trade

A system that ensures fair wages and working conditions for producers in developing countries.

18. Ecotourism

Responsible travel to natural areas that conserve the environment and improve the well-being of local people.

19. Permaculture

A system of agriculture that is designed to be sustainable and self-sufficient.

20. Reclaimed

Materials that have been salvaged and repurposed.


21. Solar power

Energy generated from the sun.

22. Wind power

Energy generated from the wind.

23. Conservation

Protecting and preserving natural resources.

24. Regenerative agriculture

Farming practices that improve soil health and biodiversity.

25. Non-toxic

Products that do not contain harmful chemicals.

26. Carbon neutral

Achieving a balance between carbon emissions and carbon removal.

27. Green building

Construction practices that prioritize energy efficiency and sustainability.

Lets go green

28. Local community

Supporting products and services that are produced or sourced locally.

29. Plastic-free

Eliminating the use of single-use plastics.

30. Sustainable seafood

Seafood that is caught or farmed in a way that does not harm the environment.

31. Reduce

Using less of a resource to begin with.

Zero waste living

32. Recycle

Processing waste materials to create new products.

33. Reuse

Using an item multiple times instead of disposing of it.

34. Greenwashing

Marketing a product as eco-friendly when it is not.

35. Carbon sequestration

Removing carbon from the atmosphere and storing it in a natural or artificial reservoir.

Eco friendly

36. Life cycle assessment

Evaluating the environmental impact of a product from production to disposal.

37. Green chemistry

Developing chemical products and processes that are safe for human health and the environment.

38. Forest conservation

Protecting and preserving forests and their ecosystems.

39. Green roof

A roof covered in vegetation provides insulation and reduces stormwater runoff.

40. Vegan

A lifestyle that avoids the use of animal products.

41. Water conservation

Reducing water usage and waste.

42. Natural resources

Materials or substances that occur naturally and can be used for economic gain.

Eco conscious

43. Low-impact

Having minimal negative impact on the environment.

44. Energy-positive

Producing more energy than consumed.

45. Circular economy

An economic system aimed at eliminating waste and the continual use of resources.

46. Biophilia

The innate connection between humans and nature.

Green is the new black

47. E-waste

Electronic waste that is discarded or no longer functional.

48. Sustainable fashion

Clothing made from eco-friendly materials and produced in an ethical manner.

49. Biodegradable

Materials that can be broken down naturally by microorganisms.

50. Environmental impact

The effect that human activities have on the environment.

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